Ransomware 1

The Ultimate Guide to Ransomware

Ransomware refers to a kind of malicious software code through which hackers may invade your system and disable all its functions. Soon, the hacker will gain total control over your PC demanding thousands of dollars in the form of ransom through bitcoin or a particular online link. 

There’s no guarantee that you will get all files back, even after making payment. Moreover, there’s no guarantee that they won’t blackmail you again. Once they get hold of your computer, it will be easier for them to intrude into your system a second time.

Why should you worry about these things, when you already have a solution? Yes, you can thwart any such malicious attack online by securing your system and strengthening its firewall.

The ransomware changes its functions from time to time to make it more difficult to trace unless it’s already too late. All these ransomware or malicious codes have one thing in common–they demand ransom from you.

Ransomware – Types and Functions

Ø Android Ransomware: A WannaCry variant has started infecting Android-compatible smartphones. Cybercriminals will block all your access to the device once they intrude into it. Be extra careful while downloading any game or executable file on your device from the play store.

Ø Mac Ransomware: As per its nomenclature, this virus, specifically targets your iPhones and iCloud account. This ransomware may badly harm your Mac OS-based PC and other costly gadgets too. 

Ø Crypto Malware: It works exactly like any other ransomware. It blocks all your access to the system rendering the same useless unless you pay them money in the form of cryptocurrency. 

Ø Scareware: It usually targets a newbie, who may not have enough knowledge about viruses. The scareware sends certain codes to the user informing them that their system has been infected. It will then demand money to fix that. But, these are all hoaxes. 

No doubt, a ransomware attack is for real. It can infect any system anywhere and anytime. Nobody can say with certainty their system is fully safe and secured. 

In the past, we saw, how ransomware affected the hospital servers across the UK. 

How Can We Secure Our PC and Other Gadgets? 

We have to be more watchful about our habits. Not every link that we see online is innocuous. Especially, those links that come with alluring offers, discounts, freebies, and other tools are not genuine and reliable. Be double-sure before you click on those links. 

Cybercriminals usually infect the system through email attachments, fake links on social media, instant offers, freebies, and others. Initially, such a file may appear innocent, but once you download it, the file will start its operation in the background. 

It tacitly creates a link to a cyber-criminal’s server and starts blocking your access. Soon, your PC will turn into a blank screen with a link demanding you to pay the ransom amount as suggested. 

How to remove ransomware?

If you notice any virus, then go to safe mode and delete the malicious file immediately through any ransomware removal tool.

Whether you are using Windows 7 or Windows 10 if you feel your PC’s security is at stake then go for its full restoration. Restoring the system lets you gauge the extent of damage that the ransomware has already caused. If the ransomware is too advanced with complex encryption coding, then this step may not help you much. However, you may get easy access to your PC if the severity of the virus is low. 

If system restore is unsuccessful, then reinstalling the operating system might be the last solution. We will cover a different section on how to remove all kinds of malware soon.

Ransomware prevention tips

Install an Antivirus Software

Well, this is the most viable and ultimate solution to keeping your system safe and secured. An antivirus program acts as a protective shield defending your PC and other devices from any external virus attacks through remote access. Turn on its real-time protection feature to stay up-to-date about any suspicious file that you may have accidentally downloaded. 

Backup Everything

Storing all important and essential files on the same device is not a good idea. Backup all such files and email attachments in Google Drive, Dropbox, or Flash memory drives. Even if your PC is infected, you can still heave a sigh of relief that your essential files are safe somewhere else!

Turn on Automatic Windows Update

Considering the grave online security threats that we encounter from time to time, it’s always recommended to keep your windows update automatically turned on. Many of such cyber threats emerge because of outdated security patches and pending updates. Outdated programs provide backdoor access to these virus and malicious programs. So, keeping your PC up to date is one of the easiest ways to defend your PC without any additional cost.

The Conclusion

Ransomware is not new. The first-ever ransomware attack was launched by Joseph Popp in 1989. He created AIDS Trojan, which used to convey the message that the user’s license of a particular program had expired. It asked users to pay $189 to get access to their PCs.

Gradually, with each passing year, ransomware has kept on changing its form and functionalities to affect more and more users. In 2018, more than 180-million ransomware attacks were registered, which is more than a 225% increase over 2017. 

So, we have been facing this menace for more than the last three decades without a concrete solution in sight. The risk of cyber threat is only emerging more because of proactive hackers and tech-savvy cybercriminals. 

It’s hard to imagine a virus-free world. But, by installing an effective antivirus ransomware removal program, we can keep our system fully-protected. Also, we must inculcate a good habit of backing up all our files to fight against any such eventualities. 

Lifeantivirus can help you choose a good security software. So, if you are worried about any online security solutions, then contact us for instant solution.

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